What are the main things a Muslim needs to believe in? There are many groups like Sunni, Shia, Salafi, and Sufi which often make it confusing to know what is really necessary and important.

Fundamental beliefs are established by clear and unambiguous texts from the Qur’an and Sunnah and are crucial to Islam. An example is to believe that Muhammad is the final prophet and messenger. Denying this results in rejecting Islam.

It is essential to believe that Allah is the One and only God, without any equal or assistant. Allah is in control of everything and no one else can harm or benefit anyone without His permission. He has no defects and is not in need of anything. Nothing in creation resembles Him in any way. Allah has full knowledge of the past, present, and future, but humans have free-will and are responsible for their actions. All the prophets mentioned in the Qur’an were righteous and sent to guide people. Muhammad is the last prophet and there will not come another. The entire Qur’an is from Allah and has been preserved intact; rejecting even one verse from it entails rejecting the entire thing. There will be another life after we die and once people are held accountable for their deeds on the Day of Judgment, they will either enter Paradise or Hellfire. The Companions of the Prophet Muhammad transmitted the Qur’an and the Messenger’s teachings properly so that future generations can understand and practice Islam accurately.

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Shaykh Mustafa Umar